CRISIS: Libyan House of Representatives


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Committee Overview:

NHSMUN’s philosophy on crisis-oriented committees is that all crisis elements should contribute to a student’s understanding of the body being simulated. Therefore, we strive to simulate only UN bodies, governments, and other important international organizations. In these committees, delegates are challenged not only to have a strong understanding of the topic at hand and their assigned role in it, but also to be creative and flexible as confounding problems arise. By having delegates think critically about how their body would react to different crises, delegates strengthen their appreciation for the decision making that takes place within these bodies. This committee will simulate the Libyan House of Representatives. The House of Representatives (HoR) is a legislative authority for the country. There are 200 seats in the HOR, including 32 seats reserved for women, and the members are elected by direct popular vote.

Topic: National Unity in Libya

Libya has been in a constant state of conflict for nearly a decade, and this instability has created economic depression, the growth of new security threats, and political uncertainty. All these factors jeopardize the future of the Libyan state and its people. Since the end of the Libyan Civil War and the death of leader Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011, Libya has been divided. There has not been a single state authority able to exercise control over the entire territory. Instead, the country has been divided into three leading powers, with various rival militia and rebel groups controlling some regions of the country as well. This situation contrasts starkly with the period before the civil war, when Libya enjoyed one of Africa’s highest Human Development Indexes (HDIs), but also had to endure the authoritarian rule of the Gaddafi administration. With the political chaos, once-prosperous oil fields operate at a fraction of their old production values, and the profits often fuel the ongoing conflict. While there has been an increase in gender equality through administrative reforms to have more women attend university, Libyan refugees, particularly women and children, are still at risk for illegal smuggling and abuse. The justice system is similarly dysfunctional and offers no prospect for accountability, which feeds into the country’s general lack of security. The newly formed Council of Deputies, itself a fragile product of protracted negotiation, must find a way to stabilize the state and secure administrative and structural reforms to usher Libya into the next era of its history.