When the IAEA Statute entered into force on 29 July 1957, the agency could not implement any sanctions among countries, and with limited powers, it soon became clear that the political climate of the time was going to limit the agency’s ability to act on a global scale. It was not until after the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962, which drew international attention to the proliferation of nuclear weapons, that the IAEA really began to execute its duties as outlined in its Statute. This increase in productivity was furthered by the 1968 passage of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Today, the IAEA hosts programs related to nuclear safety, nuclear medical technology, and nuclear science for food security, as well as focusing on preventing nuclear disasters like Chernobyl or Fukushima. The main goal of the IAEA is to help promote “safe, secure and peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology” through means such as inspections as well as to ensure that states are complying with commitments and safety standards.
Committee Topics: Coming June 2019!