The ICC is an independent body whose objective is to try individuals for crimes within its jurisdiction without the need for a special mandate from the UN. It is important to highlight that the ICC does not replace national criminal justice systems; rather, it complements them. The Court can investigate and, when warranted, prosecute and try individuals only if the state concerned does not, cannot, or is unwilling to do so. This might occur where proceedings are unduly delayed or are intended to shield individuals from their criminal responsibility, known as the principle of complementarity, under which priority is given to national systems. Unlike the International Court of Justice, the ICC prosecutes individuals, not groups or states. Any individual who is alleged to have committed crimes within the jurisdiction of the Court may be brought before it. The Office of the Prosecutor’s (OTP) prosecutorial policy is to focus on those who bear the greatest responsibility for the crimes and does not take into account any official position that may be held by the alleged perpetrators.
Committee Topics: Coming June 2019!